Main Border Collies
Health Issues

   Curiosity killed the dog?
The life-threatening lungworm A. vasorum is carried by slugs and snails.
If your dog comes into contact with these common garden pests there
is a risk it could become infected.
  Please check that your wormer
                                                                    treats lungworm too.

 

Slug Pellets Poisoning in Dogs

Please remember that slug pellets that you put in your gardens are potentially fatal in dogs. They cause seizures and fitting in dogs and this can lead to brain, heart, liver and kidney damage. Please make sure that dogs cant access any slug pellets in your garden at any stage.

If its not the slugs
its the slug pellets!!!!

 Handhills Tuff N Up
Toughens and protects your dog's feet when trialling or hunting on hard ground, rocks or ice.
The pad conditioner helps heal injured
 pads fast and works as an antiseptic
for scrapes and minor cuts.

Features:
4 fluid ounce bottle.
Sqeeze bottle application.
Conditions and toughens pads.
Antiseptic for scrapes and monor cuts.

               GARLIC FOR DOGS?
Garlic
has long been used as a safe medicinal plant in holistic medicine for people and pets as well. However, recently, the safety of garlic on dogs (and cats) has come under close scrutiny due to its properties as a member of the Allium genus, a branch of the lily family, along with onions and shallots.

A compound found in onions (and in lesser amount in garlic) called n-propyldisulfide can, in large doses, cause oxidative damage to red blood cells, creating Heinz bodies and triggering the body to reject these cells from the bloodstream. If large doses of this compound are ingested on a regular basis, the process can lead to Heinz-body anemia and even death.

Does that mean garlic is unsafe for dogs? Not quite. The key to safe use of garlic on dogs is the dosage level and frequency of use. For a dog to develop Heinz-body anemia, he would have to eat over 0.5% of his body weight in onions to even begin the oxidative process. It means a healthy 60-pound dog would have to eat a whole 5-oz onion, or several cloves of garlic, to start the Heinz-body process. Since red blood cells are constantly regenerated from the bone marrow, a dog would likely need to ingest this much amount of onion or garlic on a repeated basis to cause permanent harm.

However, garlic should NOT be fed to pets with a pre-existing anemic condition or to those scheduled for surgery. Also, young puppies before six to eight weeks of age should NOT be given garlic because they do not begin reproducing new blood cells until after 6-8 weeks.

Garlic for Dogs - How Much and How Often?
According to Gregory Tilford, (author of All You Ever Wanted to Know About Herbs for Pets), dogs can quite safely consume 1/8 teaspoon of garlic powder per pound of food 3 to 4 times a week.

Dr. Martin Goldstein (author of The Nature of Animal Healing) recommends adding garlic to home-made pet food and he himself feeds garlic to his own cats and dogs on a regular basis.

Dr. Pitcairn (author of The Complete Guide to Natural Health for Dogs and Cats) recommends the following amount of fresh garlic for dogs, according to their size:
· 10 to 15 pounds - half a clove
· 20 to 40 pounds - 1 clove
· 45 to 70 pounds - 2 cloves
· 75 to 90 pounds - 2 and a half cloves
· 100 pounds and over - 3 cloves

Dr. Messonnier (author of The Natural Vet's Guide to Preventing and Treating Cancer in Dogs) recommends one clove of fresh garlic per 10 to 30 pounds of weight a day to boost the immune system and cancer prevention.

As with most herbs, at least one to two days off per week or a periodic week off from garlic is a good idea.

Garlic for Dogs - Health Benefits



Below are the main health benefits of garlic for dogs:
· Boosting the Immune System
Garlic stimulates immune functions in the bloodstream by increasing the activities of killer cells (cells that seek out and destroy invading microbes and cancer cells). It is therefore beneficial for dogs with suppressed immune systems and dogs fighting cancer. Moderate garlic supplementation in the diets of even healthy dogs can boost their immunity and prevent cancer.
· Fighting Bacterial/Viral/Fungal Infections
Garlic is a powerful antimicrobial and antibiotic and is effective in fighting various forms of internal or external bacterial, viral, or fungal infection, including parasites (e.g. tapeworms) and protozoan organisms (e.g. giardia).
Fresh garlic fed as part of a dog's diet can fight infections of the mouth, throat, respiratory tract, stomach, or intestines. Crushed garlic diluted in olive oil can be used as a topical antiseptic for minor injuries, ear infections, or ear mites.
· Enhancing Liver Function
Garlic has detoxifying effects. At least six compounds contained in garlic can enhance liver function by helping the liver to eliminate toxins from the body, thereby preventing toxic accumulation that may lead to cancerous growths.
· Lowering Blood Cholesterol and Triglyceride Levels
Uncooked garlic mixed in with food helps to lower blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels in dogs, making it useful for certain breeds (e.g. miniature schnauzers, beagles) that are predisposed to hyperlipidemia, a condition in which the amount of fats (lipids) in the blood are elevated.
· Cardiovascular Tonic
A compound in garlic is effective at preventing blood clot formation in the vascular system. It can also reduce cholesterol levels and fat buildup in the arteries (atheorsclerosis). Therefore, it is an excellent cardiovascular tonic for older dogs.
· Tick/Flea Repellent
The exact reason and extent of garlic's effect on tick and flea prevention is not clear. It may be due to the odour released through the dog's skin as the compounds in garlic are metabolized. Whatever the reason, there are a lot of anecdotal reports on the effectiveness of garlic (especially in combination with brewer's yeast) as a tick/flea repellent.

Vestibular Disease and Canine Idiopathic Vestibular Syndrome (or Geriatric Vestibular Syndrome)

How to look after a dog post-vestibular syndrome.


A common cause of the worrying condition of Vestibular Disease, in a dog, is an inner ear infection. This could happen at any age. Geriatric Vestibular Syndrome is a condition that occurs in the older dog. Symptoms are similar in both cases.

This Vestibular Episode help sheet is designed to help the owner cope with those first few weeks of nursing care, until recovery. It is not to inform on the technical and pathological reasons, and causes, of the syndrome. If you require further knowledge of the condition then key "Vestibular Episode" into the search engine, on your computer, this will enable you to browse many websites cataloguing the condition.

The best advice that you can receive for a dog that has had a Vestibular Episode (sometimes called a stroke because of the similarity of symptoms with the human stroke) is from your Veterinary Surgeon. An immediate trip to the vets is essential where the dog will be given medication, possibly Vivatonin, which increases oxygen to the brain. Oxygen is one of the best ways of healing and reducing inflammation. There is a difference of opinion; with many vets seeing no advantage in keeping the dog on medication once recovery has taken place.

Thereafter TLC enhances the medical care, plus the owner keeping totally calm throughout the illness, putting the dog on a speedy road to recovery.

When an elderly dog has a Vestibular Episode it is very frightening for both the dog and owner. It usually happens suddenly with the dog falling all over the place, wide based stance, going around in circles, vomiting and, the most noticeable and distressing of all, the eyes rapidly flickering from side to side. There will also be significant head tilt, and possibly the body leaning to one side. The dog may display some or all of these symptoms, depending on the severity of the disease. This makes the dog feel very queasy and unsteady. The dog may not be able to stand and certainly will not want to eat. The effect that this has on the dog has been likened to seasickness.

The first week can be worrying and very hard work for the anxious owner who may feel very despondent, and confused, as to how best to look after the suddenly incapacitated dog. Affected dogs usually improve spontaneously within two weeks, although there may remain a slight persistent head tilt. The majority of dogs make a 95% recovery, going on to have many more years of active life. Something that an owner wouldn’t have believed possible, when the dog initially became ill.

When you return from the vets you will need to carefully prepare the general environment that the dog is to be kept in. A quiet room, capable of being darkened, where the dog will not be bothered by any other family pets or humans. It should have relatively easy access to the outside, as you may need to carry the dog outside for toileting. As walking will be difficult a carpeted, and restricted, area will prevent slipping. Move as much furniture out of the way as possible. In the first few days further physical injury, caused by the dog falling awkwardly, must be avoided. Some owners prefer to crate the dog. Getting a dog in and out of a crate can be difficult, especially when it cannot assist you and is a bit of a dead weight.

Due to the dogs’ inability to balance, getting in and out of their usual bed will be difficult. Instead, a large piece of white vet bed, or a blanket, spread on the floor will be preferable for the first week or so. The dog may also be incontinent for the first few days; some animals become quite distressed about this. A way around this problem is to put their bedding onto a plastic sheet with a thick layer of newspaper between it and the bedding, ignore the wetness, and quietly without fuss change the paper when required. If the dog is on vet bed then the moisture will not cause any ill effect to the dog, as moisture will wick through to the paper below.

Before settling the dog down, if you think that it will not distress the dog further, trim any excess fur from the bottom of the feet. This will help to prevent slipping.

Food isn’t of prime importance at this time although water is essential. It is highly unlikely the dog will be able, or want, to drink. You may need to syringe water gently and slowly into the side of the mouth, holding the head slightly upwards to allow it to slowly trickle into the throat. Care should be taken not to cause choking.

Prepare some tasty bits of cooked chicken and other favourite foods for when the dog is ready to eat. You can even resort to tiny amounts of tinned cat food, which can stimulate appetite. You will probably have to mince or liquidise the food and gently feed through the gap in the premolars, together with any prescribed medication. Don’t worry if food isn’t accepted for the first day or two, remember the dog is feeling nauseous. Appetite should start to return within a few days or a week. A point to remember is that following a Vestibular Episode the digestive tract is not as supple. In the future the dog may have problems swallowing exceptionally large, or hard, pieces of food.

This should, with taking outside for toileting, be the routine for the first days or week. After this there will be small signs of improvement, which will increase day by day.

After several days, or a week, the dog will actively look for food and will have the desire to feed itself. Because of the eye disturbance, they may find it difficult to focus on their bowls. Sometimes making awkward "hit and miss" attempts to eat from their bowls, with little success. Here there are a few tips that you may like to try. Put a large white plate, or sheet of paper, on the floor and place the food on this. Even putting food straight onto the floor is better than using a bowl. The dog can locate it more easily and will not keep missing, or bumping into, the dish. Others have found that raising the bowl, so that the dog does not have to bend down, has also been very successful. It is also much better, for the queasy dog, to split the meals up into several smaller meals to be fed through the day.

Throughout the whole period talk to the dog frequently, especially when it starts to move around. Sight is poor, especially near vision, so they will need to be able to locate you by sound and scent. They need the reassurance of your close proximity.

When the dog has recovered enough to go out you may need to give some support or physical guidance. They can find uneven ground or sudden changes of direction difficult to manoeuvre, and fall over. I have known owners to help by supporting the rear end with a gent’s tie, or by using a long scarf. Do not mix the dog unsupervised with other household animals, until walking is very steady.

After about four weeks you should see a significant improvement. At this point, if it will not cause distress, a trip to the chiropractor may be beneficial. If they have had a few falls treatment may be necessary, coupled with some gentle massage to increase blood flow to weakened limbs. A nail trim may be needed for overgrown nails that have not been worn down by exercise.

Gentle short walks can be introduced as soon as the dog shows willing, as mental stimulation will be very important in giving back the dog its confidence, mobility and health.

Initially the symptoms of Vestibular Disease are exceptionally dramatic. Experience has shown how the dog can, and does, make an excellent recovery, going on to lead a completely normal life for many years. It also doesn’t follow that the dog will automatically have another "episode" in the future. In the majority of cases the problem never reoccurs. Therefore, unless the veterinary surgeon has made another diagnosis for the cause of the disease, before making any major decisions, it is safer to wait several weeks to see how recovery progresses. TLC works wonders and the results are so inspiring in this condition.

Some useful websites:

http://www.marvistavet.com/html/vestibular_disease.html
 
http://neuro.vetmed.ufl.edu/neuro/vestibular/vestib.htm
 
http://www.vetinfo4dogs.com/dvestib.html
 
http://www.thisisthenortheast.co.uk/the_north_east/petscorner/advice/dogs/stroke_1.html

Copyright of Sylvie Derrick

***** DOG OWNERS ***** ... Just a warning the new sugar substitute Xylitol is posionous to dogs one teaspoon will kill a GSD, this advice has come from UK vets. It is also in some processed foods/candies and sweets so please be aware, it acts like giving a dog insulin and there is no antidote. So if you have 2 teaspoons in you tea/coffee and the dog drinks it you have a serious problem on your hands.

THESE KILL DOGS
chocolate, grapes, mushrooms,onions, raisins, rat poison, slug pellets, cocoa mulch. Lupin pods,
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Water intoxication/poisoning
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